Report of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on the Work of Proposals Since the Fourth Session of the 12th Session of the CPPCC
-At the Fifth Session of the Twelfth National Committee of the CPPCC
(March 3, 2017)
On behalf of the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, I report to the General Assembly on the status of proposals since the four meetings, and please review them.
I. Proposal Management
Over the past year, members of the CPPCC, participating units and special committees of the CPPCC have earnestly implemented the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Plenary Sessions of the 18th CPC Central Committee and have been closely united in the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core. Around, in accordance with the requirements of overall promotion of the "Five-in-One" overall layout and coordinated promotion of the "Four Comprehensive" strategic layout, implement the new development concept, focus on the implementation of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", conduct in-depth investigations, actively provide suggestions and submit proposals 5769 cases. After review, 4,279 cases were filed, 1,159 "Opinions and Suggestions" were transferred, 230 cases were filed, and 101 cases were withdrawn.
In terms of economic construction, 1,718 proposals were made. Recommendations on defusing excess production capacity in supply-side structural reforms, encouraging the merger and reorganization of large state-owned enterprises, properly handling non-performing loan assets of state-owned commercial banks, and financial support for the development of private enterprises, National Development and Reform Commission, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, Ministry of Finance, and China Banking Regulatory Commission It will be adopted when improving the exit mechanism of enterprises and promulgating fiscal and financial support policies. Regarding the proposals for accelerating the construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative, the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade and Industry (CCPIT) has adopted them in the construction of the “Belt and Road” international information sharing platform and the provision of comprehensive information services for enterprises to go global. Regarding the suggestions for comprehensively improving the competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry and accelerating technological innovation in enterprises, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and others have adopted them in the "Guiding Opinions on Improving the Manufacturing Innovation System and Promoting the Construction of Manufacturing Innovation Centers." Regarding suggestions for further preventing and defusing financial risks, improving the management of Internet financial access, and rationalizing the legal relationship of online lending, the People's Bank of China and others have adopted them in carrying out special rectification of Internet financial risks and strengthening the management of online credit information intermediaries. Regarding proposals to solve the financing difficulties of new agricultural operation entities, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Agricultural Development Bank of China adopted them in supporting the establishment of an agricultural credit guarantee system. Regarding the suggestion to play the role of e-commerce in poverty alleviation, the State Council's Poverty Alleviation Office and the Ministry of Commerce adopted it in the "13th Five-Year Plan" for e-commerce and "Guiding Opinions on Promoting Precision Poverty Alleviation for E-Commerce". Regarding the proposal to establish a unified credit information sharing platform for market entities across the country, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce has adopted it in deepening the reform of the commercial system. Regarding the suggestions for clarifying the service standards for online car hire and promoting the reform of the taxi industry, the Ministry of Transport and other departments have adopted them when formulating the Interim Measures for the Management of Online Booked Taxi Operating Services.
In terms of political construction, 322 proposals were made. Regarding the proposal to formulate the "Administrative Procedure Law", the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and other organizations are organizing relevant parties to study and demonstrate. Focusing on proposals to deepen the reform of the administrative approval system, use the Internet and big data technologies to promote government affairs reforms, the central editors and other agencies have accelerated the transformation of government functions, and launched an online "one-stop" service that allows information to run more and people to run less. Regarding the suggestions on the management of lazy government and the establishment of a system of supervision and reporting of complaints, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and others took the opportunity to implement the "Regulations on Accountability of the Communist Party of China" to strengthen the system construction and increase the investigation and punishment of typical problems of misconduct and laziness. The suggestions on promoting the construction of socialist core values are reflected in the "Guiding Opinions on Further Integrating Socialist Core Values into the Construction of the Rule of Law" issued by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council. Regarding the suggestions to promote national unity, maintain social harmony and stability, and promote sustainable and healthy development in ethnic areas, the National Civil Affairs Commission and others have adopted them in the preparation of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" to promote the development of ethnic areas and smaller populations, and the action of promoting the border and enriching the people.
In terms of cultural construction, 460 proposals were made. Regarding suggestions for strengthening the protection of the Red Army's Long March theme memorial facilities and the long march's historical propaganda, the Central Propaganda Department gave full consideration to the organization of the 80th anniversary of the Long March victory. Regarding the suggestion of exerting the role of science and technology in the protection of cultural heritage, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Culture, and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, etc. have included this in the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" for cultural heritage protection and public cultural service science and technology innovation planning. Regarding the suggestion that the media should take the lead in activating the scientific and technological innovation thinking of the whole people, the General Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television, etc. strengthened the construction of scientific and technological platforms, and promoted the production and dissemination of science and technology and science and technology audiovisual programs. Regarding the suggestions for making full use of the historical opportunities of organizing the Winter Olympics, and promoting the development of ice and snow sports and industrial development, the General Administration of Sports and others adopted it in formulating the "Public Winter Sports Promotion and Popularization Plan (2016-2020)".
In terms of social construction, 1,344 proposals were made. Regarding the suggestions for the resettlement of personnel in the process of overcapacity, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and others have adopted them in the implementation of entrepreneurial guarantee loans to support employment and the settlement of workers in overcapacity industries such as steel and coal. In order to solve the suggestions for enrolling children, the Ministry of Education has included compulsory education for children with migration into the scope of development planning and financial protection, and insists on accepting enrolled children in schools mainly in the inflow governments and public schools. Regarding proposals for establishing a new socialized pension system, the National Health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China, and the National Office for the Aging, etc. have improved their home support policies to accelerate the improvement of the supply of home care services. Regarding the suggestions for accelerating the construction of the food safety supervision system, the General Administration of Food and Drug Administration adopted them, and promulgated 5 rules and regulations, such as the Measures for the Administration of Daily Supervision and Inspection of Food Production and Operation. In response to the proposal's strong reflection on the new type of illegal crimes in telecommunications networks, the Ministry of Public Security and other authorities launched special crackdowns.
In the construction of ecological civilization, 303 proposals were put forward. Regarding suggestions for strengthening cooperation in the ecological protection zone of the Yangtze River Economic Belt and building a long-term mechanism, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and others adopted it in preparing the "Plan for Ecological Environmental Protection of the Yangtze River Economic Belt". Regarding the suggestions for promoting energy conservation and emission reduction, and controlling atmospheric haze, the National Energy Administration and others have adopted them in promoting clean coal-fired power generation and adjusting the structure of heating energy consumption. Regarding the proposal for reducing packaging in the express delivery industry, the State Post Bureau adopted it in promoting green packaging in the express delivery industry. Regarding suggestions for strengthening wetland protection, the Ministry of Water Resources and the State Forestry Administration have adopted them in carrying out wetland protection and restoration work. Regarding the suggestions for the restoration and management of the mine's geological environment, the Ministry of Land and Resources adopted them in strengthening the restoration and comprehensive management of the mine's geological environment.
Some proposals also put forward opinions and suggestions on implementing the "one country, two systems" policy, promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland, and expanding foreign exchanges, etc. The relevant units attach great importance and handle them seriously.
According to the requirements of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Implementation Opinions on Strengthening the Democratic Construction of the People's Political Consultative Conference, the proposal submission meeting in 2016 was jointly convened by the General Office of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the General Office of the State Council. Proposal sponsors have effectively put more emphasis on improving the quality of proposals, and have carried out in-depth consultations on proposals, achieving positive results. As of February 20, 2017, 99.84% of the proposals have been processed. Among them, 17.17% have been resolved or adopted, 67.13% are planned to be resolved or adopted, and 15.7% are for reference.
Innovative development of proposal work
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council attach great importance to the work of the CPPCC proposal, and support the CPPCC to perform its functions through the proposal. In the past year, in accordance with the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions on continuously improving the quality of proposals and the quality of proposals, he has firmly grasped the key to quality and promoted new results in the work of proposals.
(1) The quality of proposals has been continuously improved. Actively guide the majority of CPPCC members to conduct in-depth investigation and research in the process of submitting proposals, and to listen to opinions extensively, so as to enhance the relevance and feasibility of proposals and suggestions. Strictly implement the case filing standards, standardize the review work process, strengthen communication and negotiation with the proponents, and do a good job of transferring, merging, and withdrawing, and the quality of case filing proposals is further improved. Strengthen consultations and exchanges with the central parties of all democratic parties and the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and coordinate and coordinate collective proposals. The special committees of the CPPCC give full play to their own characteristics and advantages, and actively put forward high-quality collective proposals.
(2) Further consultation. Focusing on the annual consultation plan and overall work deployment of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the selection and supervision of key proposals will be carried out. Of the 42 key proposals, 14 are linked to the topics of the Standing Committee of Political Affairs, thematic consultations and bi-weekly consultation forums. The proposal work has served the major consultation activities of the CPPCC. At the same time, the level of handling consultations has been improved, and key proposals such as “strengthening the comprehensive utilization of crop straws” have achieved better consultation results through the bi-weekly consultation forums; the sponsors of the proposals effectively regulate the negotiations as a necessary part of handling proposals, and In the process of handling key proposals such as innovation-driven development strategies, and promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and technology transfer, the relevant sponsors took the initiative to visit the sponsors, organize joint investigations, and conduct in-depth consultations; paying more attention to the effectiveness of the negotiations, the vice-chairman led a team to visit the sponsors, and The contractor is mainly responsible for comrades' face-to-face consultation and communication, deepening research on issues, and promoting scientific decision-making.
(3) Effective supervision of key proposals. The chairman's meeting examines the title of the key proposal and listens to a report on the supervision of the key proposal. In the form of inspections, investigations and proposals for consultations, most of them are led by the vice chairman. The General Office and special committees inspected, investigated and supervised 19 proposals such as "developing the old name, enhancing the soft power of Chinese culture", "strengthening urban planning, and promoting sustainable urban development"; The proposal held the proposal handling consultation meeting for supervision; 16 proposals such as "deepening the comprehensive reform of education" were supervised in the form of "Abstracts of Important Proposals". The proposal of “Using biotechnology to develop high-quality and safe agricultural products” has organized two sponsors to conduct in-depth field investigations and hold special symposiums to discuss and communicate; the proposal of “Building a Demonstration Area for Ethnic Cultural Tourism in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Guizhou” has been submitted to “Extracting Important Proposals” Later, it organized field investigation and supervision. The proposal of “Promoting the Revitalization and Development of the Old Revolutionary District of Dabie Mountain” was carried out for five consecutive years.
4. Institutional construction was actively promoted. On the basis of investigation and study, and listening to the opinions of various parties, the "Rules for Review of Proposals (Draft for Comment)" was amended. Drafting opinions on advancing the proposal's disclosure work, communicating and coordinating with relevant proposal sponsors on disclosure procedures and methods, and promoting the simultaneous disclosure of the content of the proposal and the results of the processing.
At the same time that the proposal has achieved results, there are also some shortcomings. For example, in terms of the quality of proposals, some proposals are lagging behind, some are too general and the recommendations are not clear and specific; in terms of handling proposals, some proposals are not straightforward, and work briefings are used instead of targeted responses; democracy of proposals The role of supervision needs to be further strengthened.
Third, 2017 work focus
In 2017, we must conscientiously implement the major decision-making arrangements of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the annual work arrangement of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and implement the spirit of the important directives of the leading comrades of the Central Committee on strengthening and improving proposals. We will work harder in the following aspects.
(1) Adhere to the overall service of the center. The members of the CPPCC, the participating units of the CPPCC, and the special committees must closely focus on the major issues in the overall layout of the "Five-in-One" and coordinate the advancement of the "Four Comprehensive" strategic layout, and conduct in-depth investigations and research to ensure a stable growth, Promote reforms, adjust structures, benefit the people's livelihood, and prevent risks, promote healthy economic development and social harmony and stability, and actively provide advice and suggestions; closely focus on issues that affect the vital interests of the people, understand the situation, and timely reflect the people in the sectors The will and voice.
(2) Actively play the role of proposals in democratic supervision. Implement the requirements of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to strengthen democratic supervision of the CPPCC, pay more attention to CPPCC members, parties, people's groups, and special committees of the CPPCC, and put forward suggestions, criticisms, and suggestions to carry out supervision through proposals. In the selection and supervision of key proposals, increase the proportion of democratic supervisory proposals and strengthen supervision; choose key proposals in previous years that need to be continuously promoted, and track and supervise the implementation; standardize the work of visiting proposal sponsors and involve supervision in consultation.
(3) Further promote the improvement of the quality of proposals. Implement the Opinions of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council on Strengthening the Handling of Proposals by the People's Political Consultative Conference, promote the proposal sponsors to further improve the proposal response mechanism, improve the supervision and inspection system, and the assessment and evaluation mechanism, and steadily promote the disclosure of the results of proposals. Increase the publicity of the replies to outstanding proposals, increase the pertinence of proposals' responses, and improve the effectiveness of handling.
(4) Further promote the theoretical research and system construction of the proposal work. Strengthen theoretical research on proposal work, sort out the proposal work situation since the current CPPCC, summarize and refine practical experience, and form a work standard with reference value. Improve the proposal work system, complete the revision of the "Proposal Review Work Rules", issue the "Opinions on Promoting the Publicity of Proposals," and promote implementation. Carry out outstanding proposals and awards for advanced contractors once a year.
Fellow members, the new situation and tasks have put forward higher requirements on the work of the CPPCC's proposals. Let us closely unite around the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, unite and forge ahead, forge ahead and innovate, raise the proposal of the CPPCC to a new level, and welcome the victory of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China with outstanding achievements!