From April 17 to 29, the first meeting of the Third National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference was held in Beijing. The Third National Committee of the CPPCC has a total of 1071 members. Zhou Enlai presided over the opening ceremony. The meeting heard Li Weihan's "Work Report of the Standing Committee of the Second National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference". The members present attended the first meeting of the Second National People's Congress and heard the "Government Work Report" made by Premier Zhou Enlai of the State Council; the "Report on the 1959 Draft National Economic Plan" by Vice Premier Li Fuchun and the State Council "Report on National Accounts of 1958 and Draft National Budget of 1959" by Deputy Prime Minister Li Xiannian. The meeting passed the "Political Resolution of the First Session of the Third National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference", "Resolution of the First Session of the Third Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on the Work Report of the Standing Committee", and Decision of the First Meeting of the Third National Committee of the Political Consultative Conference on the Review of Proposals. The meeting elected Mao Zedong as the honorary chairman of the third CPPCC National Committee, and elected Zhou Enlai as the chairman of the third CPPCC National Committee. In addition, the meeting unanimously agreed to the resolution on Tibet adopted at the first meeting of the Second National People's Congress, and warmly congratulated the Central People's Government for the victory of the Tibetan reactionary group in calming down the insurgency.
On April 29th, a tea party for members over 60 years old was held. In his speech, Zhou Enlai hoped that "members over 60 years of age can all leave their knowledge and experience as contributions to society." He also instructed the National Committee of the CPPCC to pay attention to organizing this work. Working group 10 in the city should include "there is sufficient to collect historical data." On July 21, according to Zhou Enlai's instructions, the National Committee of the CPPCC established a Research Committee on Cultural and Historical Materials. (Renamed "Cultural and Historical Materials Committee" in April 1988), Fan Wenlan served as chairman.
On September 16, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Decision on Dealing with Rightists Who Really Performed Better". From 1959 to 1964, the country removed the hats of most rightists in five batches. In the meantime, the bi-weekly forum of various democratic parties and non-partisans will meet with 90 non-communist rightists within the scope of the National People's Congress, members of the CPPCC, cadres and directors of the State Council and non-communist parties in the Democratic Party's Central Committee and alternate Central Committee. The issue of removing hats was discussed and discussed. From 1959 until the "Cultural Revolution", a total of 84 rightists were removed.
At the end of 1959, the National Committee of the CPPCC conscientiously implemented the "relaxation" policy in accordance with the spirit of Mao Zedong's instructions and adopted various measures to adjust the class relations and relations with democratic parties that have been strained for several years, and to the democratic life within the active United Front. The political situation of promoting domestic stability and unity has played an important role in mobilizing the enthusiasm of people from all walks of life to overcome temporary economic difficulties. Among them, the work of promoting situation education and ideological education by promoting and using the "Shenxianhui" method has achieved obvious results. "Shenxianhui" is a visual term. Its essence is to analyze the problem and solve the problem by means of drizzle and persuasion and education, so as to achieve the purpose of distinguishing right from wrong, raising awareness, transforming thoughts, and strengthening unity. It is a mass, democratic and self-educating method under the correct leadership.