On January 1, 1967, "People's Daily" and "Red Flag" magazine published an editorial entitled "Putting the Proletarian Cultural Revolution to the End" and approved by Mao Zedong, announcing "1967 will be a year of full-scale class struggle in the country. ", Calling on" to carry out a general attack on a handful of authorities within the party who have taken the capitalist road and the cattle, ghosts and snakes in society. " During the ten years to 1976, the CPPCC basically stopped activities.
Activities of the People's Political Consultative Conference in the Decade of Unrest
The perverse actions of Lin Biao and Jiang Qing's counter-revolutionary group in the "Cultural Revolution" have caused unprecedented calamity to our country and people, severely damaged the united front, paralyzed the CPPCC, and persecuted some members of the CPPCC and democratic figures. They attacked "the CPPCC is the nest of the cows, ghosts, and snakes" and talked nonsense "how can politics be negotiated", so the National Committee of the CPPCC was forced to close its office at the end of August 1966. However, Zhou Enlai, the main party and state leader and chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, still instructed the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference to do some work under extremely difficult circumstances.
Zhou Enlai has always adhered to the fine tradition of the united front and adhered to the united front policy for people from all walks of life. In the extremely difficult situation, not only has protected a large number of leading cadres in the Communist Party brutally persecuted by Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary group, but also made great efforts to protect the leaders of democratic parties, non-partisan democrats and patriots from all walks of life. . After the start of the "Cultural Revolution", he drew up a list that should be protected, including: the vice chairman and standing committee members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the vice chairman of the National People's Congress, the vice chairman of the CPPCC, and the vice premier, minister, and vice minister of the State Council The President of the Supreme People's Court and the Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and the leaders of various democratic parties. The specific list includes patriotic democrats such as Song Qingling, Guo Moruo, Zhang Shizhao, Cheng Qian, He Xiangning, Fu Zuoyi, Zhang Zhizhong, Shao Lizi, Jiang Guangxi, Cai Tingzhang, Sha Qianli, Zhang Yanruo, Li Zongren. On September 1, he ordered the General Hospital of the PLA to prepare to accept Zhang Shizhao, Cheng Qian, Fu Zuoyi, Cai Tingyi, Li Zongren and other hospitals to protect their safety in the name of hospitalization. In order to protect the leaders of the democratic parties, Zhou Enlai issued a directive "Don't criticize the leaders of the democratic parties" to the military representatives of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on May 4, 1969, clearly stating that the masses of the democratic party organs "do not criticize the democratic parties." Leaders, that is, their members of the Central Committee and members of the party departments of the provinces and cities. " In the spring of 1970, Zhou Enlai personally deployed the work of implementing policies for democrats. According to Zhou Enlai's instructions, the National Committee of the CPPCC National Committee and the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress jointly established a special group to investigate the situation of some of the democrats in Beijing seized and seized by the Red Guards, and drafted on this basis The "Opinions on the Handling of Seized Property of Some United Front Objects in Beijing" was reported to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and after Mao Zedong's review and approval, it was forwarded to the whole country as a document of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Although the clearance and seizure of property at that time was not complete, its political impact was significant. In September 1971, Zhou Enlai also instructed that the Central Committee members of the Democratic Party, who were delegated to the work of the May 7th Party School of the People's Congress and the CPPCC, should return them to Beijing to avoid labor punishment and persecution when they went to school.
After Lin Biao fled to death in 1971, the CPPCC National Committee began to resume some activities under the personal leadership of Zhou Enlai. The Democratic Party Central Committee, the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and the CPPCC Non-Party Democracy Study Group led by the Study Committee of the CPPCC National Committee resumed regular current affairs policy learning. In December 1971, the CPPCC National Committee organized dozens of well-known patriots Song Qingling and Fu Zuoyi to participate in a symposium convened by the CPC Central Committee on the Lin Biao counter-revolutionary incident. At the meeting, Zhou Enlai and Ye Jianying conveyed the story of Lin Biao's counter-revolutionary group's conspiracy to seize the supreme power and plan the counter-revolutionary armed coup. The symposium held group discussions. After 1973, the National Committee of the CPPCC National Committee has repeatedly organized democrats to visit industrial and agricultural production, culture and education in Beijing and to some provinces and cities. In October 1973, Ye Jianying held a symposium on behalf of the CPC Central Committee, and some members of the CPPCC Standing Committee were invited to participate in a consultation on the list of patriots among the candidates for the Fourth National People's Congress. In addition, the CPPCC National Committee also organized some members and representatives from various circles to participate in some commemorative activities and festival celebrations. The National Committee of the CPPCC resumed work only after the Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary group was crushed.
In October 1976, the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee smashed the Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary group in one fell swoop, ending the "cultural revolution" that lasted for 10 years. Since then, the CPPCC has resumed work.
In November 1976, the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the CPPCC attended the third meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fourth National People's Congress to hear and discuss the report on the smashing of the "gang of four" counter-revolutionary group.