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Major Events of the CPPCC in 1979

1980-01-01 Source: China Political Consultative Conference A- A +

On January 17, Deng Xiaoping met with the leaders of the Democratic Central Committee of the People's Republic of China, such as Hu Juewen, Hu Ziang, and Rong Yiren. He pointed out that to implement the policies of the original businessmen, money must be used, people must be used, and the role of the original businessmen must be brought into play.

From June 15 to July 2, the second meeting of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference was held in Beijing. Deng Xiaoping, chairman of the CPPCC National Committee, pointed out in his opening speech: China's united front has become a broad alliance of socialist workers led by the working class, based on the workers-peasant alliance and socialist patriots. The task of the United Front and the CPPCC in the new period is to mobilize all positive factors, strive to turn negative factors into positive factors, unite all forces that can be united, work together, and work together to maintain and develop a stable and united political situation. Strive to become a modern socialist country. The meeting heard and discussed the "Work Report of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference" made by Xu Dezhen, vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee. During the meeting, all the members present attended the second meeting of the Fifth National People's Congress, heard the "Government Work Report" made by Premier Hua Guofeng of the State Council, and "The 1979 National Economic Plan" made by Vice Premier Yu Qiuli. "Draft Report", "Report on the National Accounts of 1978 and the Draft of the 1979 National Budget by the Minister of Finance Zhang Jinfu" and Peng Zhen, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, on " Organic Law of Local People's Governments at All Levels, Law of the People's Republic of China on the Election of Local People's Congresses and Local People's Congresses, Organic Law of the People's Court of the People's Republic of China, Organic Law of the People's Republic of China on Procuratorates, The Criminal Law of the Republic, the Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China, and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Sino-foreign Joint Ventures are explained in seven draft laws. The meeting passed the Political Resolutions of the Second Session of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the Resolutions of the Second Session of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on the Work Report of the Standing Committee, and the Proposal Review Report and Resolution on Proposal Review. The meeting co-opted Liu Lantao, Lu Dingyi, Li Weihan, Hu Yuzhi, Wang Kunlun, Panchen Erdene Queji Jianzan as vice chairmen of the CPPCC National Committee; by-election Liu Lantao as secretary general; 40 people including Ma Wenhui as standing committee Members.

From September 14 to 21, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference held a symposium of various democratic parties and non-partisans. The central topic of the symposium was about adjusting the purchase and sales prices of some agricultural and sideline products and raising some employees' wages, accelerating agricultural development, and summing up the founding of the country. Since work issues. The symposium was presided over by Wu Lanfu, vice chairman of the CPPCC and minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee. Hua Guofeng, chairman of the CPC Central Committee, spoke first. He emphasized the significance of carrying forward the fine tradition of democratic consultations. The symposium heard a statement by Yao Yilin, vice premier of the State Council, on adjusting the purchase and sales prices of some agricultural and sideline products and raising the salaries of some employees, and a special speech by Hu Qiaomu, deputy secretary general of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, summarizing the work since the founding of the People's Republic of China. At the symposium, the participants spoke freely, expressed their opinions, and put forward many opinions and suggestions.

From October 5 to 7, the eighth meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference was held in Beijing. The meeting studied and discussed the communique of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the speech delivered by Ye Jianying at the 30th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. The meeting passed the Resolution of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on Seriously Studying and Implementing and Implementing the Communiqué of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Comrade Ye Jianying's Speech at the 30th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China. The meeting decided to organize a delegation of the CPPCC to visit Yugoslavia and Romania, respectively, and decided to invite the chairman of the Jordanian Consultative Conference to visit China. The meeting also heard a report on the handling of the proposals of the second meeting of the Fifth National Committee of the CPPCC National Committee and opinions in the "Briefing", a report on the external activities of the religious community, and passed the appointment and removal of personnel.

From October 11th to 22nd, the National Revolutionary Conference, the Democratic League, the Democratic People's Democratic Party, the Democratic Progressive Party, the Peasants 'and Workers' Party, the Zhigong Party, the Jiu San Society, and the Taiwan Union held successive national congresses. The conference revised their respective articles of association, elected the central leadership, and clearly shifted their focus to serving socialist modernization.

On October 19, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said at a reception held by the CPPCC National Committee and the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the National Congress of Democratic Parties: "Currently, the active participation of intellectuals, experts and other people in all aspects is active. In terms of function, there are still many problems. They still have some difficulties in work and life. They need to be investigated and studied to take effective measures to gradually solve them. I hope that all democratic parties will work with the party and the government to work together to make this Work well. "According to the spirit of this speech, from late October 1979 to the end of January 1980, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference held 24 symposiums on intellectual issues jointly with the Democratic Party Central Committee and the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce. Fully exchange views with some members of the party in Beijing and the intellectuals associated with them on how to further promote the contribution of intellectuals to the "four modernizations" and continue to implement the intellectual policy. More than 200 people, including celebrities from all walks of life such as science and technology, education, medicine and health, cultural publishing, and Taiwanese intellectuals, as well as returned students. Zhou Jianren, Shi Liang, Ji Fang, Hu Yuzhi, etc. respectively attended and chaired the symposium. Everyone emancipated their minds and spoke freely, affirming the party's assessment of the state of intellectuals and their policies towards intellectuals since the smashing of the Gang of Four, and they were satisfied with the changes in political, academic, working, and living conditions among intellectuals. At the same time, it also reflects several current problems: first, there is still the situation that intellectuals are not valued; second, in the use of cadres, cadres with professional knowledge are not reused or even discriminated against; and third, working and living conditions Poor, the phenomenon of "a brain doctor is not as good as a hairdresser; a chest surgeon is not as good as a pig killer" phenomenon. Everyone also made many positive suggestions and opinions. The issues and suggestions raised at the symposium were reflected by the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and relevant departments, which provided an important reference for studying and solving intellectual problems. Some issues were instructed by the leaders of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the relevant central government departments were instructed to hold special meetings for research, which promoted the solution of some problems.

On November 12, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China forwarded the "Inquiry Report on the Issue of Differentiating Workers from the Original Industrial and Commercial Workers", which was submitted by 6 departments including the Central United Front Work Department. The "Report" states that when a public-private partnership was implemented for private industry and commerce in 1956, a large number of small businessmen, hawkers, small craftsmen, and other workers were collectively referred to as private personnel and treated as bourgeois industrial and commercial workers. This issue has not been resolved for a long time. It is time to clarify their original labor composition. After the document was issued, after more than a year of hard work, at the end of this work, 700,000 small businessmen, hawkers, and small craftsmen were distinguished from the original industrial and commercial workers and restored their status as workers. While carrying out differentiated work in various places, the "Regulations on Certain Specific Policies on Original Industrial and Commercial Enterprises" approved by the Central Government on December 17 was implemented, removing the hat of the original industrial and commercial capitalists or capitalist agents.

From December 25th to 28th, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) once again held a forum of democratic parties and non-partisans. The central issue is to discuss the current situation of industrial transportation in China. At the meeting, Vice Premier Kang Shien introduced China's current industrial production and transportation situation and its economic construction tasks in 1980. Hu Juewen, Hu Yuzhi, Chen Yisheng, Hu Ziying, Zhu Xuefan, Qian Changzhao, Xu Dixin and others successively spoke. After smashing the Gang of Four, the CPC Central Committee resumed the fine traditions advocated by Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai during their lifetime, and they held consultations and discussions with various democratic parties and non-party patriots on major domestic and external policy issues. I am very happy; I am satisfied with the achievements made in the construction of the national economy in 1979; I believe that the current policy of adjusting, reforming, rectifying, and improving the construction of the national economy is a positive and correct policy; Do your best. They also made many comments and suggestions on the adjustment and development of the national economy.

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