The important speech delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the work conference of the CPPCC and the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, scientifically answered a series of major theoretical and practical questions about the development of the CPPCC's cause, and made a new summary of the nature of the CPPCC It has given new meaning to the functions of the CPPCC and made new arrangements for strengthening and improving the work of the CPPCC. It is the general outline for strengthening and improving the work of the CPPCC in the new era.
For the first time, the sign of the formal establishment of the CPPCC system is significant. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that "the first plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, acting on behalf of the National People's Congress, made comprehensive preparations for the birth of a new China." "This also marked the formal establishment of the CPPCC system." It is the formal establishment of the CPPCC and the formal establishment of the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China. This shows that the establishment of the CPPCC and the retention of the CPPCC are important initial designs of the older generation of proletarian revolutionaries for the political system of New China. Since its establishment, the CPPCC has been an important part of the political system with Chinese characteristics. Regarding the birth of New China as the official sign of the start of the CPPCC system, it is bound to deepen the understanding and grasp of the people's political cooperation as an institutional arrangement with Chinese characteristics.
It is of great significance to include a specialized consultative body in the nature of the CPPCC for the first time. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "People's political cooperation is a united front organization, a multi-party cooperation and political consultation mechanism, and an important form of realization of people's democracy. It is an important channel for socialist deliberative democracy and a specialized consultation mechanism. It is an important part of the national governance system. In part, it is an institutional arrangement with Chinese characteristics. "The expression of the nature orientation of the CPPCC reflects the process of continuously expanding and clarifying the nature of the CPPCC, and it also reflects the continuous deepening of people's understanding of the CPPCC. The expression "special consultation bodies comprehensively carry the nature of the CPPCC" is, in a certain sense, a new summary of the nature of the CPPCC.
For the first time, it is of great significance to play a role of a special consultation body. After the people's political cooperation was put forward as a special consultation agency, it caused great social repercussions. People are also looking forward to more discussions on specialized consultative bodies. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "It is necessary to give full play to the role of the special consultation body of the CPPCC, to carry out consultation democracy through the entire process of performing its functions, adhere to the promotion of democracy and promote solidarity, build mutual support, build a consensus on government and cohesion, and actively focus on the implementation of the party and the state. Deploy democratic supervision on important decision-making arrangements. "Political cooperation has at least three levels of meaning as a specialized consultation agency. First," specialization "extends consultation to all aspects of performing functions, from beginning to end. Secondly, "specialty" is not a one-way advice and one-way effort, but to unite and promote democracy, to build a two-way effort of advocacy and consensus building. Third, the "special" is combining consultation and supervision to carry out consultation-type supervision; it not only monitors decision-making organs and their decisions, but focuses on monitoring the implementation of major party and state decision-making arrangements and the actual problems of the people's immediate interests. Supervision and implementation. " General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "To give full play to the role of the People's Political Consultative Conference's special consultation mechanism, we need to improve the institutional mechanism. We must adhere to the establishment of an annual consultation plan system between the Party Committee and the government and the CPPCC, and improve the implementation mechanism of consultation before and during decision-making. Matters negotiated by the CPPCC must be submitted for decision-making after consultation, and stipulate the participation scope, discussion principles, basic procedures, communication methods, etc. of the consultation. "Building a sound system and mechanism is an important manifestation of the professional level of specialized consultation institutions.
For the first time, it is of great significance to agree with the concepts of deliberative democracy and electoral democracy and to clarify the relationship between the two. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "Consensus democracy is an important system design for the party to lead the people to effectively govern the country and to ensure that the people are the masters of the country. It complements and complements electoral democracy." This assertion shows that first, consultative democracy is an important system for governing the country. Design; is the design of the people's democratic system in which the people are the masters. Second, the two important forms of China's socialist democracy are identified as "the exercise of people's rights through elections, voting, and full consultation among all aspects of the people before major decision-making, as far as possible to reach consensus on common issues." Democracy and electoral democracy. Third, it is emphasized that the two types of democracy complement and complement each other at the system level of state governance and people's ownership.
It is significant to summarize the characteristics and advantages of the CPPCC consultation for the first time. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "The CPPCC promotes broad unity, promotes multi-party cooperation, and practices people's democracy in consultations. It not only upholds historical traditions, but also reflects the characteristics of the times. It fully reflects the fact that China's socialist democracy has more discussions, more discussions, The characteristics and advantages of doing things with more consultation. "This is the latest summary of the characteristics and advantages of democratic consultation in the CPPCC. The CPPCC has great political inclusiveness and can promote broad unity. It reflects the coexistence of multiple parties and can promote multiparty cooperation. As a political system with the same structure as state organizations, it effectively implements people's democracy. The CPPCC adheres to the historical tradition of negotiating the founding of the country, and reflects the epochal characteristics of the modern state's governance system and capabilities, which fully reflects the characteristics and advantages of Chinese-style deliberative democracy. Because of this characteristic and advantage, the People's Political Consultative Conference assumes the functions and responsibilities of specialized consultation institutions in the functional system of party and state institutions.
For the first time, it is of great significance to strengthen ideological and political leadership and broadly build consensus. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that "the central link is to strengthen ideological and political leadership and broadly build consensus." This conclusion has profound meaning, and it can be said that it has directional and guiding significance for the people's CPPCC to perform functions and carry out work in the new era. Giving play to the role of political leadership is the original intention of the CPPCC, and it is a summary of historical experience and future directions. The political function of the CPPCC is concentrated in the political mobilization within the united front, and social mobilization is carried out through the people of various circles contacted by the CPPCC organization and members, thereby promoting national governance and social harmony and progress. The main functions of the CPPCC are not fixed at one time, but gradually expanded to political consultation, democratic supervision, and participation in politics. Although this expansion and extension has improved the initiative of the CPPCC to a certain extent, in fact, the three functions inevitably cover each other. While adhering to the work of political consultation, democratic supervision, and participation in politics and discussions, taking consensus as an important function of the CPPCC is undoubtedly further clarifying the direction of the CPPCC's functions and work, and it can also make people understand the CPPCC intuitively. effect.
It is of great significance to ask the CPPCC for the first time to become an "important position", "important platform", and "important channel". When General Secretary Xi Jinping talked about "unifying people, ideological guidance and consensus building are essential", he explicitly stated that "the CPPCC must work effectively to become an important position for adhering to and strengthening the party's leadership over all work through effective work. An important platform for uniting education with the party's innovative theory to guide representatives of all ethnic groups and all walks of life, and an important channel for resolving contradictions and forging consensus on the basis of common ideology and politics. "The CPPCC strives to become an" important position "and" important platform "through effective work. “Important channels” have enriched the effectiveness of CPPCC ’s performance, expanded the space for performance, and demonstrated the role of CPPCC work in the country ’s political and social life in a multifaceted and popular way. It has a correct understanding of the political meaning of political cooperation as a political organization. Giving play to the role of the CPPCC work in adhering to the party's leadership, strengthening ideological and political leadership, and broadening consensus is of great practical significance.
For the first time, it is of great significance to seek common ground while reserving differences and gathering assimilation differences. General Secretary Xi Jinping insisted on seeking common ground while reserving differences and assimilating differences when it comes to correctly handling the relationship between consistency and diversity. To strengthen ideological and political leadership and broaden consensus, the People's Political Consultative Conference must adhere to unity and diversity, seek common ground while reserving differences, gather commonalities and differences, promote consistency without forcing uniformity, respect differences without widening differences, tolerate diversity without losing leadership, and through patience The meticulous work promotes the ideological and common progress of all parties, groups and people from all walks of life. Don't simply exclude the differences between sensitive points, risk points, and concerns. You must be patient and compare them carefully and carefully, and some need to be tested by practice. Resolving differences is not destroying them. We must prevent simple and rude things from happening overnight. The old differences are eliminated, and new ones will also be produced. It is necessary to maintain the constancy and fixation of saving and resolving differences.
It is of great significance to confirm for the first time that members of the CPPCC are solemnly negotiated by various parties. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, "Members of the CPPCC, as representatives of all parties, groups, and ethnic communities, have been solemnly negotiated from all sides to represent and participate in the country, and perform their duties. This is honor and responsibility. The members of the CPPCC must insist on The feeling of fulfilling the duties of the country and fulfilling the responsibility of the people, taking the cause to heart, carrying the responsibility on the shoulders, and earnestly performing the duties of members. It is the legitimacy and legitimacy of the members that have been solemnly negotiated by all parties, which determines the members' due diligence. Responsibility. Members must adhere to the principle of consultation, and consultation must improve its solemnity. On the one hand, we must fully listen to the opinions of all parties, groups, and ethnic groups, and conduct serious consultations. On the other hand, the nominees must truly reflect the aspirations and demands of all sectors, be qualified, capable, and reflect and safeguard the interests of the masses represented to the greatest extent. They must have the greatest convention that considers the interests of all parties with reason and reason. Count and form the largest concentric circle.
For the first time, it is of great significance to focus on solving the weakness of the CPPCC. When talking about the need to create favorable conditions for the work of the CPPCC, he emphasized that "focus on solving the problems of weak basic work and weak personnel of the CPPCC". For a long time, due to the weak foundation of the city and county CPPCC, there are problems of qualitative blurring, fuzzy functions, fuzzy responsibilities, and fuzzy working methods. To make up for the weakness of the grass-roots CPPCC, we must have a unified understanding of what the city, county, and CPPCC functions are, what they do, and how they do it. The main work of the city and county CPPCC is consultation. The main work method is to "set up the stage." The main purpose of the work is to exert force in both directions. The city and county CPPCC must ensure the frequency of consultations, improve the negotiation mechanism, enrich the form of consultations, and improve organizational guarantees. Highlighting the role of specialized consultative agencies not only reflects the essential requirements of the nature of the CPPCC, but also finds an effective carrier and grasp of the functions of the city and county CPPCC.
(The author Zheng Yanren is the important thought of the General Secretary of the People's Political Consultative Conference on strengthening and improving the work of the People's Political Consultative Conference of Beijing.