People's political cooperation is an important channel for socialist deliberative democracy and a special consultation institution. It not only comprehensively carries the nature of the People's Political Consultative Conference, but also highlights the work of the People's Political Consultative Conference. The position of responsibility demonstrates the unique advantage of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics: "I have you, I can, you can't."
In his speech at the CPPCC Working Conference and the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "Consultative democracy is an important system design for the party to lead the people to effectively govern the country and ensure that the people are the masters of the country. It complements and complements each other. The CPPCC promotes broad solidarity, promotes multi-party cooperation, and practices people's democracy in consultations. It not only upholds historical traditions, but also reflects the characteristics of the times. It fully reflects the fact that China ’s socialist democracy has more discussions, more discussions, and more work. The characteristics and advantages of consultation. "An important task of strengthening and improving the work of the CPPCC in the new era is to unswervingly adhere to the development of socialist deliberative democracy and give full play to the role of the CPPCC's specialized consultation mechanism.
Democratic consultation has always been the responsibility of the CPPCC. For a long time, the CPPCC has made important contributions to the development of consultative democracy.
Deliberative democracy is a unique, unique, and unique form of democracy in China. It embodies the excellent political culture of the Chinese nation as a public, inclusive, and seeking common ground while shelving differences. It originates from the realistic process of China's political development in modern times and after the founding of New China. Great creations made by all parties, groups, nationalities, strata, and people in the political system. The People's Political Consultative Conference is also a great creation of the political system led by the Chinese Communist Party under the leadership of democratic parties, non-partisans, people's groups and people from all walks of life. Consultation has always been an important responsibility and task of the CPPCC.
As early as the founding of New China and the CPPCC, Comrade Mao Zedong said: The character of our government is to discuss affairs with the people, and all aspects of the state's relations must be negotiated. The People's Political Consultative Conference is the "consultative organ of various parties", and it is very important for leaders of various parties, nationalities, and groups to come together to negotiate major events in New China. Comrade Zhou Enlai also pointed out: The deliberative spirit of the new democracy does not lie in final voting, but mainly in prior consultations and repeated discussions. The People's Political Consultative Conference is a united front organization and a "negotiating body." The power of acting on behalf of the People's Congress of the first plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference in 1949 was that after extensive consultation and brainstorming, the "Provisional Constitution of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference" and various important bills were adopted. The committee and the Central People's Government Committee completed the historic undertaking of negotiating the founding of a nation. After the founding of New China, the CPPCC united all parties in the consultations and made positive contributions to the restoration and development of the national economy, the establishment of the socialist system, the completion of the socialist revolution, and the promotion of socialist construction. After entering the new era in 1978, the CPC Central Committee further clarified the nature, tasks, themes, and functions of the CPPCC, and established the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China as a basic political system in China. The "Opinions on Strengthening the Work of the People's Political Consultative Conference" for the first time proposes that China has two important forms of socialist democracy: election and negotiation. We must be good at using the People's Political Consultative Conference as a political organization and democratic form to develop socialist democracy. Through extensive democratic consultations, the CPPCC has worked hard to mobilize all positive factors and made important contributions to the reform and opening up and the socialist modernization drive. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The 18th and 19th National Congresses of the Party have deployed the development of deliberative democracy as an important strategic measure to advance the modernization of the country's governance system and governance capacity. Broad and multi-layered institutional development of democracy. General Secretary Xi Jinping systematically elucidated the thought of socialist deliberative democracy and pointed out: "Under the Chinese socialist system, there are good things to discuss, and everyone's affairs should be discussed by everyone. Finding the largest common denomination of the wishes and requirements of the whole society is the essence of people's democracy. "Negotiated democracy is an important way to realize the party's leadership. It is a unique form and unique advantage of China's socialist democratic politics. It is necessary to build a deliberative democratic system with reasonable procedures and complete links, and do it all over the country. The People's Political Consultative Conference is an important part of the national governance system. It must play its role as a specialized consultative body and practise consultative democracy throughout the entire process of performing its functions. The CPPCC conscientiously implements these important ideas of General Secretary Xi Jinping, strengthens the party's leadership over the work of the CPPCC, adheres to the nature of the CPPCC's nature, strives to promote deliberative democracy, concentrates on the development of the party and the country, and opens up a new situation in the work of the CPPCC . 70 years of practice have fully proved that Chinese-style democracy works and works in China. The CPPCC plays an irreplaceable role in the development of consultative democracy. In the new era, if we want to adhere to the CPPCC system and develop the cause of the CPPCC, we must better adhere to the development of socialist consultative democracy and give full play to the role of the special consultative organ of the CPPCC.
The working conference of the CPPCC further clarified the characteristics and connotations of the consultative democracy of the CPPCC. To implement the spirit of the meeting, it is necessary to give full play to the important role of people's political cooperation as a specialized consultative agency in the development of socialist deliberative democracy.
In his important speech at the work conference of the CPPCC, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the CPPCC should adhere to its nature: "People's political cooperation is an organization of the united front, a mechanism for multi-party cooperation and political consultation, and an important form of realization of people's democracy. The important channels and specialized consultative institutions for communist democratic consultation are an important part of the national governance system and an institutional arrangement with Chinese characteristics. "Here, for the first time, General Secretary Xi Jinping regarded the CPPCC as an important channel and special consultation for socialist consultative democracy. "Organization" is put into the nature of the CPPCC and explained, and its relationship with the nature of the first three sentences of the CPPCC is expressed in the form of "as" and "yes." This puts it in the nature of the CPPCC. The central position shows that the people's political cooperation is an "important channel and special consultation institution for socialist consultative democracy", including the inherent attributes of the CPPCC as a united front organization, multi-party cooperation and political consultation organization, and an important form of realization of people's democracy, and reflects The characteristics of the times have given the CPPCC to the party and the country New Structure Function System connotation positioning functions, to further clarify the CPPCC deliberative democracy set consultation, supervision, participation, cooperation in one of the characteristics. People's political cooperation is an important channel for socialist deliberative democracy and a special consultation institution. It not only comprehensively carries the nature of the People's Political Consultative Conference, but also highlights the work of the People's Political Consultative Conference. The position of responsibility demonstrates the unique advantage of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics: "I have you, I can, you can't." In the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Significant Issues in Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Ability" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, it was also explicitly stated that: People's political cooperation should be brought into play Organizational and democratic forms of effectiveness, improve the people's political consultative conference system of specialized consultation institutions, and improve the procedures and mechanisms for promoting democracy and enhancing solidarity, mutual communication, advocacy, and consensus building. This is completely consistent with the spirit of the working conference of the CPPCC and further clarifies that the CPPCC system is an important part of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics as the basic political system of the country, and that the people ’s political cooperation as a specialized consultation agency is an important part of the national governance system. Therefore, an important focus of doing a good job of the CPPCC and playing a role in the coordination of the CPPCC at present and in the future is to adhere to the development of socialist deliberative democracy, adhere to the promotion of democracy and solidarity, and promote the two-way development of consensus and consensus. Give full play to the role of the People's Political Consultative Conference's specialized consultation mechanism, and effectively organize the parties and groups participating in the Political Consultative Conference to discuss the country, and adhere to the CPC's leadership of the state and all aspects of society, and promote the realization of a broad and effective people's democracy.
The advantages of democratic centralism will be put to good use by giving play to the role of specialized consultative bodies. Carry forward the fine tradition of "unity-criticism-unity", cultivate a culture of consultation that is appropriate to the times and tasks, open up ideas and brainstorm, promote the full expression and in-depth exchange of different ideas and opinions, and achieve mutual respect and equal consultation without imposing on others , Follow the rules, negotiate in an orderly manner without speaking each other, be considerate and tolerant, negotiate in good faith without being paranoid, and seek consistency in respecting diversity. As for various opinions and criticisms, as long as we adhere to the party's basic theory, basic line, and basic strategy, we must let everyone talk about it. Even if it is harsh and sharp, we must adopt an attitude that we have heard before, and we will change it if there is any. Encourage them, and strive to form a good atmosphere of consultation that is free to express their opinions, express their opinions, and is rational and legal, and strive to make the CPPCC adhere to and strengthen the party's work through effective work that strengthens ideological and political guidance and broadens consensus. Important positions of leadership, an important platform for unity education to guide the representatives of all ethnic groups from all walks of life with the party's innovative theory, an important channel for resolving contradictions and building consensus on the basis of common ideology and politics.
Further clarify the functions and responsibilities of the people's political cooperation as a specialized consultation agency, and improve the content form and institutional mechanism of the CPPCC consultation. Adhere to the two themes of solidarity and democracy, make full use of the role of the CPPCC as a platform for consultation, improve the level of political consultation, democratic supervision, and participation in politics, and better build consensus. Focus on the tasks of the party and the state center, and define the content and topics for consultation on the national policy and important local measures, as well as important issues related to the patriotic united front and the masses. The topic of democratic supervision should be a certain proportion, and democratic supervision should be carried out around the implementation of important party and state decision-making arrangements. Improve the CPPCC consultation and discussion pattern with the plenary session as the leader and the thematic deliberative standing committee meetings and thematic consultations, consultation forums, and remote consultations as the focus. Have a good plenary session, be more flexible and more frequent to carry out thematic consultations, counterpart consultations, and proposal negotiation, build a sector consultation platform, enhance the effectiveness of online deliberations and remote negotiation, and explore new forms such as the combination of CPPCC consultation and social governance. Adhere to the party committee's annual consultation plan system with the government and the CPPCC, improve the implementation mechanism of consultation before and during the implementation of decisions, and clearly stipulate that matters that require CPPCC consultation must be submitted to decision-making for implementation after consultation, and the scope of participation and discussion principles , Basic procedures, communication methods, etc., to continuously improve the quality and level of advocacy and consensus building.
Constantly improve the ability to negotiate and strengthen the responsibility of CPPCC members. With reform thinking, innovative ideas, and pragmatic measures, we will vigorously promote the building of negotiation capabilities, improve political grasp, investigation and research capabilities, the ability to connect with the masses, and the ability to work together. Education guide members have a deep understanding and cherish the honor and political identity of members, adhere to the duty of performing their duties for the country, and fulfill their duties to the people, strengthen the "four consciousness", strengthen the "four self-confidence", achieve "two safeguards", and strengthen political responsibility To continuously improve political, ideological, theoretical, and emotional identification with the Communist Party of China and socialism with Chinese characteristics. Organize and guide members to thoroughly study the party's innovative theory, extensively learn all aspects of knowledge, accurately grasp the methods and methods of performing work of the CPPCC, establish the negotiation concept, abide by the negotiation rules, cultivate professional negotiation ability and spirit, and continuously improve the level of ideology and understanding. Enhance performance.
(The author Chen Huifeng is the vice chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Theoretical Research Association, and General Secretary Xi Jinping's important thoughts on strengthening and improving the work of the People's Political Consultative Conference. Beijing Research Base.)