In recent years, the ecological compensation mechanism is an environmental and economic policy based on the principle of "beneficiaries pay and destroyers pay". Both the central and local governments are actively exploring and practicing, and have initially established multi-form and multi-level ecological compensation mechanisms. The central government's main national ecological function zone transfer payment and the establishment of ecological public welfare forest ecological compensation mechanism have played a positive role in protecting and improving the ecology and environment of the country's important ecological function zones and forest ecosystems. However, it should be noted that there are still many problems in the advancement of work, such as the incomplete ecological compensation field, low ecological compensation standards, single source of ecological compensation funds, vertical ecological transfer payments that cannot fully reflect the ecological compensation relationship, and horizontal ecological compensation mechanisms. Lack of hard constraints, slow progress of the ecological compensation system, etc.
General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly stated in the report of the 19th National Congress of the Party that it is necessary to establish a market-oriented and diversified ecological compensation mechanism. The Decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee on Several Major Issues Concerning Adhering to and Perfecting the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and New Capabilities for Governance clearly requires the implementation of the ecological compensation system. This is an important task assigned to us by the important proposition of "persist and consolidate, improve and develop" in the system of ecological civilization. It not only specifies a clear direction of work, but also puts forward clear work requirements. The key now is to speed up the progress and pay close attention to implementation.
To implement the ecological compensation system, it is necessary to enhance the awareness of the overall situation. Establishing an ecological compensation mechanism is an important measure to implement Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization. It is an important content to improve the ecological civilization system and promote the transformation of ecological environmental protection from administrative methods to comprehensive use of legal, economic, technical and administrative methods. The important way is to implement the urgent requirements of the task of tackling the tough battles in pollution control. We will implement the ecological compensation system as an important task to implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the CPC and the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and effectively improve political standing. In particular, local party committees and governments at all levels must overcome standardism, increase awareness of the overall situation, and strengthen responsibility. To promote the implementation of the system.
The implementation of the ecological compensation system must strengthen rigid constraints. For national key ecological function counties (cities, districts) with vertical ecological compensation, the establishment of a "three-line, one-single" system should be accelerated, and the performance management of funds should be strengthened. The vertical ecological compensation funds should be clearly used only for ecological environmental protection work, and strengthen the evaluation of ecological environmental quality The application of the results in the allocation of ecological compensation funds, the establishment of a strict system of rewards and punishments, and the ecological and environmental benefits of the funds are really exerted. In accordance with the principle of "who benefits and who compensates", from the central, provincial, city, and county levels, it is clearly required to establish a scientific and reasonable horizontal, ecological, and highly beneficial horizontal ecological compensation mechanism between the upper and lower reaches of the river basin. Departments take the lead in promoting implementation and raise the level of market-based ecological compensation.
The foundation work must be consolidated to implement the ecological compensation system. Establish and improve the ecological environment quality monitoring and evaluation system and ecological compensation standard system for important ecological function counties and cities. Establish and improve the ecological compensation standard system for river basin water resources and water environment. Study and formulate a standard system of ecological compensation for the development of nature reserves and mineral resources. Promote the legislation of ecological compensation, clarify the basic principles, main fields, scope objects, compensation methods, compensation standards, etc. of ecological compensation, and ensure that the compensation mechanism for ecological transfer payment has legal basis.
The implementation of the ecological compensation system must accelerate reform and innovation. In accordance with the principle of consistent ecological function contribution and compensation, improve and establish special ecological compensation mechanisms such as the atmosphere, forests, wetlands, grasslands, mineral resources development, flood storage and detention areas, biological species protection, etc., to expand the field of compensation and increase compensation standards. Establish stable financial special funds for ecological compensation, support the encouragement of social funds to participate in ecological construction and environmental pollution control, establish green funds, use national debt funds, development loans, etc., expand investment channels, and form a diversified capital investment pattern. Guide the ecologically beneficial areas to strengthen exchanges, collaborations and assistance to ecologically protected areas. Through counterpart cooperation, joint construction of parks, project support, enclave economy, industrial transfer, and off-site development, etc., continue to expand cooperation areas and enrich compensation methods.