At the CPPCC Bi-weekly Consultation Symposium held on December 5, Lu Chun, a member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC and former chairman of China Yangtze River Three Gorges Group Co., Ltd., confessed at the meeting that due to the lack of scientific pricing, quantitative evaluation, and fair arbitration mechanism, the cost was protected. It is difficult to quantify the opportunity cost. The current ecological compensation model of the river basin is incomplete compensation, and the status of the compensator and the payee is not equal. It can only be negotiated and negotiated by both parties once a year.
In this regard, Lu Chun called: "Build a centrally coordinated, government-led, enterprise implementation, social participation, long-term sustainable ecological compensation market-oriented operation model." He suggested that the central government in the resource allocation, project approval, industry replacement, charging mechanism In other aspects, it has given upstream and downstream local governments more policy autonomy and resource allocation rights, encouraged the innovation of ecological financial products, established a green financial system, built ecological undertakings into ecological industries, and attracted all parties in society to actively participate in ecological compensation work.
According to Lu Chun, the state has made it clear that the Three Gorges Group plays a key role in the ecological protection of the Yangtze River. The Three Gorges Group has also initially established five major platforms and explored the integrated governance model of “factory, network, river and lake shore”, and it can serve as a central policy support and The carrier of financial subsidy funds, the hub of the interest coordination mechanism in different regions of the upper and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, play the first goose effect that promotes the development of the entire environmental protection industry chain and the benefit of inclusive benefits, and cracks the development imbalances between the beneficiary area and the compensated area, and the income and expenditure are not equal. Symmetry, non-standard compensation standards and compensation scope.
Regarding how to broaden the value conversion channel from "green water and green mountains" to "golden mountains and silver mountains", Lu Chun suggested that the auction system of "franchise rights" be introduced and the "one city, one strategy and one main body" model be adopted to change the A variety of ecological resources such as “no profit”, “micro profit”, “appropriate profit” and “appreciable profit” are packaged and auctioned. The bidding clauses are designed to restrict business operations, set target high and bottom lines, and reward, warn, punish, and recover business rights. And other institutional measures to regulate the behavior of participating entities, stabilize investor expectations, improve resource plasticity, strengthen and expand the ecological and environmental protection industry, and achieve long-term sustainable development.
Consistent with Lu Chun's point of view, Pan Xiaoyan, a member of the CPPCC National Committee and director of Xinjiang Chenghecheng Law Firm, believes that it is necessary to standardize the legal behavior of the main body, including enterprises, in participating in ecological compensation work.
Pan Xiaoyan suggested that the principle of "who benefits, who compensates, who destroys, restores, and who pollutes, governs" be established, strengthen the policy of paid use of resources and polluter pay, and comprehensively use economic means such as price, finance and taxation, finance, industry and trade to change resources Low prices and environmentally invaluable conditions have formed a scientific and reasonable resource and environment compensation mechanism and investment mechanism.