"It is a waste to not raise sheep in the grassland. However, a certain area of grassland is assumed to have a critical point of" three ". Those who raise two should be rewarded, and those who raise four will be punished." At the scene of the 31st bi-weekly consultation forum of the CPPCC, members discussed and discussed the "problems and suggestions in establishing an ecological compensation mechanism". The case of "grassland setting" described by Yin Hong, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC, focused the topic on the value of the ecosystem On evaluation criteria.
Ecological resources such as forests, rivers, and wetlands cannot be clearly priced like commodities. "The green mountains and green mountains are the golden mountains and the silver mountains," which confirms the value of the "visible" ecosystem. "Grass stock balance is the focus of the ecosystem. Ecological compensation cannot be based on area indicators alone." Standing Committee member Yin Hong believes that the establishment of an ecological compensation mechanism requires a scientific compensation index system.
"At the same time as strengthening the top-level design of ecological compensation legislation, basic research such as basic standards, monitoring, and investigation should also be strengthened." Standing Committee member Yin Hong was echoed by Standing Committee Member Zhao Zhenmill. He believes that it is necessary to increase the general transfer payment compensation. Revise measures for balancing transfer payments based on local standard fiscal revenue and expenditure gaps in a timely manner to ensure that economic development and environmental protection matters in key ecological function zones are expended. At the same time, an incentive ecological compensation general transfer payment fund is set up, taking regional water quality improvement, forest coverage increase, pollutant reduction, and soil erosion control area increase as reward indicators, taking into account ecological incentives on the basis of financial balance Sex.
With the system planning in place, what is the specific research basis? "The ecological value accounting issues mentioned by members are still limited in domestic and foreign research, and there is no complete measurement standard." Wang Guanghua, a member of the party group and deputy minister of the Ministry of Natural Resources, was outspoken about this issue. He frankly stated that "the common factor method and functional price method both have certain defects, and the former is difficult to reflect the differences between the ecological environments in different regions." He further stated that the Ministry of Natural Resources has now carried out Corresponding research has initiated some ecological compensation pilots and summarized relevant experiences.
"It is also possible to optimize by quantity and supplement" to 'quality and complement'. "The Standing Committee of Yinhong also made specific suggestions on the establishment of the system. As an example, she said that with the improvement of the water quality and water quality assessment results, compensation funds should be considered simultaneously, including the compensation of primary forests and natural forests should be better than that of planted forests. "The precise compensation method of" high quality and excellent supplement "can promote the improvement of ecosystem service quality with limited funds."
"Although we can't figure out how much it's worth, the benefits it has already begun to show." Wang Guanghua said that ecological protection in some areas has begun to produce benefits, and green agriculture and higher value-added production have begun. The area is shifting. He said frankly that he expects a complete evaluation standard for ecosystem services. "This standard will be gradually improved in the future."