Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 9th, title: 2019: The sea moves forward in a turbulent way: Commentary on the high-quality development of the Chinese central government led by Comrade Xi Jinping
Xinhua News Agency reporter
As the world's second-largest economy, China's economic trends have always caught the eye of the world. China's economy in 2019 has attracted much attention.
Facing the complex situation of rising risks and challenges at home and abroad, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core has long-term vision and scientific decision-making, and has mastered the art of macroeconomic regulation and control of China ’s economic giant ship. Develop a new voyage for bright high quality——
The macroeconomic operation is generally stable, the new employment targets have been exceeded, the three major battles have made key progress, important steps have been taken in reform and opening up, and the supply-side structural reform has continued to deepen. The challenge has been effective and effective ... China's economy has become increasingly robust and strong.
Under the circumstances that have not changed in a century in the world, this is a self-confident answer from a big country in the East: "Looking forward to the future, China has a bright future."
"The sea is still there"-China's economy is stable and improving, economic operation has been kept in a reasonable range, and new well-off society has been made in a comprehensively well-off society.
50.2%-After a lapse of 6 months, China ’s manufacturing purchasing manager index (PMI) returned to the expansion range in November;
In the first three quarters, the electricity consumption of the whole society increased by 4.4% year-on-year. Among them, the tertiary industry and residential electricity consumption continue to maintain rapid growth;
In the first 10 months, 33,407 foreign-invested enterprises were established nationwide; the actual use of foreign capital was 752.41 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.6%.
Even though the external "headwind" remains, China's economy is full of resilience.
In 2019, China's economic development situation is extremely complicated and severe.
Looking at the world, international unilateralism and protectionism are intensifying, geopolitical uncertainties are increasing, the slowdown of world economic growth is obvious, and the growth rates of major economies are generally slowing. The economic and trade environment is overcast.
Looking around the country, structural economic contradictions are prominent, market demand is weakening, corporate profits are declining, the real economy is experiencing increased difficulties, and the downward pressure on the economy is greater. At the same time, rising pork prices have pushed up consumer prices, making China's economy climbing uphill. test.
Both internal and external challenges coexist and the situation is complex and changeable. This is the general environment facing China's economy this year;
It is the main tone of China's economic development this year to set the strategic overall situation and move calmly and firmly.
Since the beginning of this year, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has led the people of all nationalities and ethnic groups throughout the country to forge ahead, overcome difficulties, and promote the steady progress of China's economic ships-
Over the past year, China's economy has been running smoothly. Despite a slight decline in growth rate, China ’s GDP grew by 6.2% year-on-year in the first three quarters, ranking first among global economies totaling more than US $ 1 trillion, and has stabilized at 6% to 7 for 19 consecutive quarters The% range has become an important engine of world economic growth. It is not easy to maintain medium and high-speed growth on a high base of more than 90 trillion yuan.
In the past year, China's economic structure has been optimized. The consumer market has a heavier weight, and effective investment pays more attention to making up for shortcomings and increasing strength. The contribution rate of final consumption expenditure and service industry to economic growth remained above 60%. From January to October, the investment in high-tech industries increased by 14.2% year-on-year, and the added value of high-tech manufacturing industries increased by 8.7%.
In the past year, China's economy has become more livelihood-friendly. In the first 10 months, there were 11.93 million new jobs in cities and towns across the country, and the annual job creation target for cities and towns was achieved ahead of schedule. In the first three quarters, the per capita disposable income of residents nationwide increased by 6.1% in real terms, basically in line with GDP growth. Increase the treatment of retirees and socially-friendly objects, and the people will use more affordable and high-quality medicines. The sense of gain, happiness and security of the people continued to improve.
"After numerous storms, the sea is still there!" The powerful words of General Secretary Xi Jinping using the sea as a metaphor also confirm the firm confidence of China's development today.
Steady and sound development is derived from the orientation of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, leading the helm, and always setting the right direction for China's economic development-
In the first quarter of this year, many indicators of the Chinese economy were better than expected. In a public opinion atmosphere with a good start and expected warming, the Party Central Committee has always been soberly judging the seriousness of the situation.
On April 19, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee. The meeting pointed out that while fully affirming the achievements, it is important to soberly see that there are still many difficulties and problems in economic operation, the overall external economic environment is tightening, and the domestic economy is subject to downward pressure.
In the second quarter, China's economy continued to be under pressure, and its growth rate dropped from 6.4% to 6.2%.
The meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held on July 30th made the statement: "At present, China's economic development is facing new risks and challenges, and the downward pressure on the domestic economy is increasing. We must increase our awareness of the crisis, grasp the long-term trend, grasp the major contradictions, and be good at turning crisis into opportunity." Important judgment and deployment.
While alerting to risks, seeing pressure, and calmly moving forward.
Over the past year, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee has held regular meetings to analyze and study the economic situation and economic work, and to direct the pulse of economic operations at important nodes. The Central Committee of Finance and Economics has held two meetings to focus on building a well-off society in an all-round way, and optimizing the regional economic layout. 、 Promoting the basic ability of the industry and the level of the industrial chain;
Over the past year, the Central Reform Commission has held 6 meetings to promote reforms in important areas and key links towards the deepwater area. Among the 8 collective learning sessions of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, both the topics of improving financial services and preventing financial risks have also focused on blockchain. Industry changes behind technology ...
The stable and favorable development situation fully reflects that the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has always maintained strategic stability, calm and calm, and united and led hundreds of millions of people to persist in doing their own affairs.
Large-scale tax and fee reductions, reduced social financing costs, increased micro-enterprise vitality, accelerated opening up of the financial industry, and accelerated implementation of a number of large foreign investment projects ... Over the past year, we have actively responded to challenges and made steady progress in China's high-quality economic development.
Add a new area of the Shanghai Free Trade Pilot Zone, set up a science and technology innovation board and a pilot registration system, introduce foreign investment laws, and promote the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta to further reduce tariffs ... Commitments made by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the first Expo.
It is imperative to speak out, this is China ’s clear attitude: the opening measures are sound, adhere to the eight-character policy of “consolidation, enhancement, promotion, and unblocking”, the supply-side structural reform is advanced, and the development strategy is implemented in depth ... Measures and new actions not only bring new opportunities to the world, but also lay a solid foundation for their own development.
Doing your own business well is China's firm self-confidence of "changing with the changes": do a good job of "six stability" and keep the basic market. The average daily number of newly registered enterprises in the first 10 months is close to 20,000. The results of "reducing one supplement" have been further consolidated, and the economic cycle has become smoother.
2019 is a crucial year to win the battle against poverty. At the critical time, we must have the courage to win the battle and the delicate work of embroidery.
"The battle against poverty has entered a crucial stage of decisive victory. It must be vigorous and tenacious, and never retreat without winning." On April 16, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted a symposium in Chongqing to address the outstanding issues of "two cares and three guarantees." "" We must study and refine the measures to solve the problem one by one, attack the city, and ensure that the task of poverty alleviation is completed. "
Eradicating poverty is a vivid practice of governing the country and governing the country, and it is also a solemn fulfillment of the original mission. It is estimated that by the end of this year, about 95% of the country's rural poor will be lifted out of poverty under current standards, and more than 90% of poor counties will have their hats off.
The stable and good development situation fully demonstrates the far-sighted strategic vision of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and the superb ability of governing the country and government.
Policy orientation, navigation of economic operation.
"Insist on the general tone of progress while maintaining stability" "Insist on the main line of supply-side structural reform" "Insist on the concept of new development and promote high-quality development" "Insist on the promotion of reform and opening up" "Insist on the stability of macro-policy and the livelihood of micro- The general idea of supporting social policies ”—Since this year, the party ’s central government has set the tone for quasi-economic operations and has always insisted on the word“ stable. ”These“ five adherences ”are consistent and the development direction is unswerving.
The guarantee of the system is the root of Anbang.
Standing at the historical intersection of the goals of the "two hundred years" struggle, the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party held from the perspective of the overall development of the party and the state, and it is also important to uphold and improve the basic economic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Make important deployments to ensure that China's economy is stable and far-reaching and achieve high-quality development.
The important speech made by General Secretary Xi Jinping at this meeting was astonishing: To win the battle to prevent and resolve major risks, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, and use the power of the system to deal with the impact of risks and challenges. .
"If the world does not flourish, it declines, and if the world does not advance, it will retreat."
On December 6, the meeting of the Politburo under the chairmanship of General Secretary Xi Jinping was remarkable. The meeting proposed that the party's system of economic leadership should be effectively transformed into governance effectiveness, comprehensively reform and development and stability of various tasks, improve the methods and methods of economic leadership, and improve the incentive mechanism.
"No one can stop the momentum of the big rivers and galloping forwards"-the activation of innovation, breakthroughs in reform, and new actions to open up, providing inexhaustible power for China's economic giants to ride the waves
In the early winter in Hefei, in the BOE plant, huge glass substrates flowed slowly on the fully automatic production line, and were cut and made into LCD screens for 65-inch, 75-inch and larger TVs.
"With innovation, we have achieved follow-up and lead in the new display field!" Zhang Yu, vice president of BOE Technology Group, introduced that the world ’s most advanced 10.5-generation LCD panel production line has recently been in production and sales, and the company is becoming a global player. The largest LCD panel supplier has released a strong warmth in the downturn of the economy.
Turning crisis into opportunity and breaking through innovation is not only the direction of China's manufacturing of "hard core" development, but also an important breakthrough for China's economy towards high-quality development.
Enhancing the stamina of economic growth with the motivation of continuous innovation and strengthening the momentum of development——
From the successful landing of Chang'e-4 and the return of the first photo of the moon back to the number of Chinese Beidou navigation satellites in orbit exceeded 50, from the official issuance of a 5G commercial license in China to the first flight of the fifth test flight of a C919 large passenger aircraft ... China's technological innovation Constantly speeding up is also helping the economy.
Innovative development is an inevitable choice for leading sustainable economic development. At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is at the historical juncture of achieving major breakthroughs. Whoever seizes the opportunity can occupy the commanding heights of development.
In late May, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection in Jiangxi, "Technical innovation is the lifeblood of an enterprise. Only with independent intellectual property rights and core technology can we produce products with core competitiveness and be invincible in fierce competition. ".
During the inspection in Henan in September, the General Secretary once again emphasized that we must firmly promote industrial transformation and upgrading, strengthen independent innovation, develop high-end manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing, and bring our manufacturing industry and the real economy up.
"Tightly twist the strategic base of technological innovation" "Mastering more key core technologies" ... From domestic inspections to attending central conferences, from hosting the Central Political Bureau's collective study to giving important instructions, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized that it is precisely The direction of China's economic innovation and development.
With the in-depth implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy, new technologies and breakthroughs continue to promote the rapid growth of new industries, and new momentum for economic development is becoming stronger. In the first three quarters, the added value of industrial strategic emerging industries increased by 8.4% year-on-year, and the output of new products such as 3D printing equipment, service robots, and smart watches increased by 157.6%, 145.7%, and 84.5%, respectively.
"China is a place full of opportunities." Gu Chunyuan, president of the Asian, Middle Eastern and African region of Swiss industrial company ABB Group, believes that China has a strong driving force for innovation, and a series of measures to encourage innovation and development have created many opportunities for the all-round development of the Chinese market. .
Responding to the uncertainty of development with the certainty of continuous reform and expanding the growth space——
Is it difficult to do business in China?
Not long ago, the World Bank's latest global business environment ranking gave the answer: China jumped 15 places and ranked 31st in the world.
A good business environment is the soil that fosters all innovation and development, and cannot be separated from reforms.
Industrial enterprises above designated size are equipped with "project stewards", 100 high-frequency events "run at most once", and carry out special rectification of "cleansing actions" ... Thanks to continuous reforms, this year, Saudi Aramco, Evergrande, and Ali A group of business giants such as Baba have laid out the Northeast, "investment is passing through customs."
Reform is not just a devolution of power, it is a complete revolution that aims at the disadvantages of the system and development and the "deepness" of development.
"We must benchmark our efforts to achieve decisive results in reforms in important areas and key links by 2020, continue to fight tough battles, crack down on hard bones, and ensure that we do everything one by one";
"At present, many major reforms have entered a critical period of implementation. The more arduous the reform tasks, the more we must stabilize the direction, highlight the actual results, and work hard to solve the problems of formalism that have troubled the grassroots through reforms."
Over the past year, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made clear statements on several occasions, and in response to the prominent contradictions restricting economic development, he has accelerated the pace of reform in key links and important areas.
Aiming at the problem of heavy business operations, we have introduced measures to reduce taxes and fees of about 2 trillion yuan. Aimed at the structural problems that have occurred on the supply side, we have aggressively eliminated ineffective supply and improved resource utilization efficiency ... bite the goal of high-quality development A series of reform measures were accelerated.
"China is on the right track." According to Ahmad Said, deputy governor of the Asian Development Bank, a series of reforms and deployments have opened the meridian of high-quality development of the Chinese economy and helped the Chinese economy move towards the mid-to-high end. Stride horizontally.
Maintain the normal state of cooperative development with a firm attitude of continuous openness and stimulate more vitality——
"Open" is a high-frequency word in General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches this year.
"China's door to openness will only get wider and wider, the business environment will only get better, and the opportunities created for global multinational companies will only increase."
In the autumn of October, in the congratulatory letter sent by General Secretary Xi Jinping to the Qingdao Summit of the first multinational company leader, he once again conveyed to the world China's determination to expand and open up, optimize the business environment, and continue to create opportunities.
In one minute, China's import and export was about 57 million yuan; in one hour, nearly seven foreign-invested enterprises were newly established in the country; in one day, the country's foreign direct investment was US $ 392 million ... Open China has undergone tremendous changes every moment.
From the introduction of the Foreign Investment Law to the release of a new version of the negative list of foreign investment access, from the continued reduction of import tariffs to the relaxation of access conditions for foreign banks and insurance companies, from the addition of six pilot free trade zones to the opening of the second Expo Five new initiatives ...
Over the past year, China has pledged to expand its opening up and pragmatic measures have been implemented one after another, attracting more and more multinational companies to "don't want to leave when they come" and "in China, for the world."
Against the backdrop of the decline in the total size of global multinational direct investment for three consecutive years, China today is still a hot place for foreign investment. According to the report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, in the first half of this year, China's total foreign investment attraction increased by 4% compared with the same period last year, and it continued to become the world's second largest inflow of foreign capital and developing economies with the largest inflow of foreign capital.
"In the past, I came to China every two years, and now every six weeks," said Halledun Mubadala, chief executive of Mubadala, a sovereign wealth fund in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. "If you I am an investor who has a long-term perspective and must actively invest in China. "
The economy of a large country is full of weather.
An open China constantly wins the initiative of international competition and continuously contributes to the development of the world.
"China's economic development prospects will surely be brighter"-at present and in the future, the basic trend of China's economic stability and long-term improvement remains unchanged.
In 2020, it will be the end of a well-off society and the 13th Five-Year Plan. At the historical meeting point of achieving the goal of the "two hundred years" struggle, the "time" and "potential" of the Chinese economy have attracted much attention.
East Island, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, November 23.
With the representatives of China and Germany shoveling the first shovel, the construction of the BASF (Guangdong) integrated base project officially started. This is China's first wholly foreign-owned large-scale petrochemical integration project with an estimated total investment of USD 10 billion and a construction time span that will continue until 2030.
"BASF's" home "in Zhanjiang has become Zhanjiang's" corporate citizen "and can even be said to be a permanent" corporate citizen. "Bo Mu Le, Chairman of the Executive Board of BASF Europe, Germany, couldn't hide his excitement at the commencement ceremony.
Optimistic about China and cultivating China deeply, BASF is a microcosm of many foreign-funded enterprises. They cast a "vote of trust" for China in the future.
As the old Chinese saying: "If the Ming Dao is ambiguous, if the Dao is retreating, if the Dao is dying". Toward the brighter Chinese economic giant, there is no doubt that it will also endure wind and waves and dangerous beaches in the vast sea, and withstand various foreseeable and unforeseeable risks.
At this moment, the world is experiencing unprecedented changes in a century, China's external environment for development is becoming more complex, risks at home and abroad have risen significantly, downward pressure on the economy has become prominent, and there are still many new issues to be faced in achieving high-quality development.
A key plan at a critical moment. Regarding China's economic work in 2020, the Central Political Bureau meeting on December 6 clearly stated that: we must persist in using dialectical thinking to look at developments and changes in the situation, strengthen confidence in victory, and be good at turning external pressures into a powerful driving force for deepening reform and expanding opening up. Try to do your own thing.
Dialectically look at the situation and the issue of rationality, and focus on the overall situation, the key points, and overall planning. "Currently and for a period to come, the basic trend of China's economic stability and long-term improvement has not changed." This important judgement made at this meeting has responded to external concerns.
On November 22, in the Great Hall of the People, General Secretary Xi Jinping also emphasized when meeting with Georgieva, who visited China for the first time as the president of the International Monetary Fund, "China's economic development has tremendous resilience, potential and room for manoeuvre. The long-term positive trend of the economy will not change. "
"The Chinese economy has always been an important driver of global growth." As Georgiyeva said, China's contribution to world economic growth is about one-third. The stability and health of China's economy is very important to the world. important.
Facing the future, the domestic market that is constantly being explored contains new economic development potential-
Wal-Mart plans to set up 500 new stores and cloud warehouses in China in the next 5 to 7 years; Adidas, Nike, and Lego will add a number of new flagship stores in Beijing and Shanghai; Aoqi entered the Chinese mainland market for the first time, and Rosen quickly entered the Northeast, Northwest and third- and fourth-tier cities ... Since this year, foreign retail enterprises have accelerated their deployment in the Chinese market.
This year's "Double 11", "town youth" demonstrated strong purchasing power. In just 16 minutes, 1,000 domestic cars were sold on Pinduoduo, and most of the buyers came from third, fourth, and fifth-tier cities. Nearly 30% of the new users on the JD platform came from the sinking market. The sales of large-screen TVs above 65 inches in the county increased year-on-year. 2 times more ...
"Deeply tap the potential of domestic demand, expand and expand the final demand, effectively start the rural market, and use more reforms to expand consumption." On July 30, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee to analyze and study the economic situation and economic work. The deployment of consumption and initiation of domestic demand is coming to fruition.
Beijing Daxing International Airport was officially opened to traffic, high-speed trains entered Yimeng Mountain, and the "night economy" continued to be popular. During the "Eleventh" Golden Week, the total box office revenue of the movie doubled over the same period last year, setting a new box office record ... These new trends, The new changes highlight the surging vitality of the Chinese market.
The total output value of the manufacturing industry has ranked first in the world for 9 consecutive years. The working-age population is nearly 900 million people. The number of highly qualified personnel with higher education and professional skills exceeds 170 million. The mileage of high-speed rail will exceed 35,000 kilometers ... These complete industries Supporting capabilities, rich human capital and comprehensive infrastructure constitute a solid guarantee for China's large market.
"China's middle-income group is the largest in the world, with a huge market size, huge potential and unlimited prospects. The Chinese market is so large, everyone is welcome to take a look." On November 5, General Secretary Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the Second Expo. In the keynote speech, invite guests from all over the world.
Facing the future and continuously optimizing the regional pattern have released a new world of economic development——
On the first day of December, the Outline of the Yangtze River Delta Regional Integration Development Plan was released, pressing the "acceleration key" for the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta.
Located at the intersection of the “Belt and Road” and the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the Yangtze River Delta, which accounts for about a quarter of the country ’s total economic volume, has been given a more important mission in achieving high-quality development in the new era, and aims to build a new engine of economic growth.
Crossing the Yangtze River to the north, another mother river of the Chinese nation, the Yellow River, is also ushering in a new development pattern.
In September of this year, during the investigation and investigation in Henan, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted a symposium to integrate the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, the coordinated development with Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the integration of the Yangtze River Delta Development is also listed as a major national strategy.
From one river to one river, to three major urban agglomerations, China is showing the world a wider space for development and continues to write about greater development miracles.
Facing the future, the continuous deepening of reform and opening up has created new opportunities for economic development——
The more China develops, the more it needs to continue reform and opening up.
"Continue to expand market opening", "Continue to improve the opening up pattern", "Continue to optimize the business environment", "Continue to deepen multilateral and bilateral cooperation", "Continue to advance the joint construction of the" Belt and Road "" ... The Second Expo will open on November 5 On the other hand, the new measures announced by General Secretary Xi Jinping and the new commitments launched shocked the venue and inspired the world.
"China will continue to expand opening up, increase imports of goods and services, expand access to foreign markets, strengthen intellectual property protection, and form a new pattern of comprehensive opening up that is comprehensive, multi-level, and wide-ranging." Less than 10 days later, in the Brazilian capital Brasilia, General Secretary Xi Jinping showed the BRICS leaders a new blueprint for China's opening up.
At the end of the month, in the face of former US Secretary of State Kissinger and other foreign representatives attending the "Innovative Economic Forum" in 2019, the words of General Secretary Xi Jinping were encouraging: "China persists in reform and opening up. The more resistance rivers face, the more they face difficulties and open up more. I am full of confidence in China's development prospects. "
The intensive vocalization demonstrates China's firm determination to deepen reform and opening up, and it also reflects the trend of the times when China and the world are harmonious and integrated.
As of the end of October, China has signed 197 “Belt and Road” cooperation documents with 137 countries and 30 international organizations, and the cumulative number of China-Europe trains has reached nearly 20,000.
In November 2019, the "Guiding Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Promoting High-Quality Trade Development" was issued, sending a positive signal to the world that China is accelerating the cultivation of new advantages in trade competition and promoting the high-quality trade development.
Initially in 2020, two Chinese laws and regulations will be formally implemented-the Foreign Investment Law and the Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment. Open China is accelerating the use of the rule of law to create a better business environment for investors at home and abroad.
The avenue is far away, and the sea is full of rivers. After 70 years of glory, China's economy is a vast sea.
In the face of the changing international situation, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the nearly 1.4 billion Chinese people's unswerving progress shows to the world that the road of high-quality development of China's economy will surely go wider and wider, and more Confidence in achieving the grand goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. (Reporters Zhang Xudong, Han Jie, Chen Weiwei, Zhang Xinxin, Liu Hongxia)